It is the , not the explanatory that has the first place in Paul’s thoughts here.— : and that not of yourselves. To say: âYe are saved by faith; not of yourselves; your salvation is the gift of God; it is not of works,' is saying the same thing over and over without any progress. It exists in the mind only when the Holy Spirit produces it there, and is, in common with every other Christian excellence, to be traced to his agency on the heart. (8) By grace are ye saved through faith.âProperly, ye have been saved; ye were saved at first, and continue in a state of salvation. Amplified® Darby I.S.V. Ephesians 1:15-23. (Bristow), Ephesians 2:8 âfor by grace have ye been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of Godâ. Grace has the article, the grace of God, in Ephesians 2:5, Ephesians 2:7. However, this important statement offers tremendous insight into what God desires after salvation. I surely cannot save myself. 2:9 not as a result of works, so that no one may boast. by John Eadie. Paul prays that God will give the Ephesian Christians a spirit of wisdom and … 2. Ephesians 1 Ephesians 3 ... Advance your knowledge of Scripture with this resource library of over 40 reference books, including commentaries and Study Bible notes. And to all who have any proper sense of the holiness of God and of the evil of sin, it is an intuition; and therefore a gratuitous salvation, a salvation which excludes with works all ground of boasting, is the only salvation suited to the relation of guilty men to God. the normal Calvinistic position). Ephesians 2. The Apostle Paul, having reminded his readers of the glory and promises of God, as well as our need for His grace and provision, moves on to our new standing before God, both as individuals and, corporately, as a family of Believers. In chap. 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, Verses eight and nine show how Christians enter into a saved state (v.5). And this is not of yourselves - This refers to the whole … Ephesians 2:8-9 explain the surpassing riches of God"s grace ( Ephesians 2:7) and elaborate the parenthetical statement in Ephesians 2:5. (1) Christians are alive from the dead. Probably it refers to the whole preceding clause that describes salvation (cf. It may also be granted that a peculiarly suitable idea results—the opportune reminder that even their faith, in which at least they might think there was something of their own, has its origin in God’s grace, not in their own effort. 8. Yet "faith" cometh by the means which man must avail himself of, namely, "hearing the word of God" (Ro 10:17), and prayer (Lu 11:13), though the blessing is wholly of God (1Co 3:6, 7). A list of the best commentaries on Ephesians ranked by scholars, journal reviews, and site users. Biblical Commentary (Bible study) Ephesians 2:1-10. Ephesians 2:8-9, The Purpose of Salvation, list six special characteristics of our salvation in Christ including the surprising purpose for saving us in Christ. Grace is feminine. Vs. 8, 9. It is remarkable that the expression of the truth corresponds almost verbally with the words of St. Peter at the Council of Jerusalem (Acts 15:11), âWe believe that through the grace of God we shall be (properly, we were) saved,â except that here the original shows that the salvation is looked upon as a completed act, like justification. Adam Clarke, Wesley & company say that it is neuter plural and "Faith" is feminine hence it cannot refer to faith, (Such an admission would destroy their theological system.) That faith is indeed empowered in us by the grace underlying our probation: but that faith freely exercised by us, and seen by God, is the underlying condition of our election in time; and foreseen by God is the underlying condition in our eternal election before the foundation of the world, as described in, And be it especially noted that in St. Paul’s view there is no contradiction between the, There is no contradiction between our being, towards God, though a right thing in God’s creatures towards him, and an excellent thing in itself, is not a merit that pays God for any thing, or obligates him to any donation to us. First, he asserts, that the salvation of the Ephesians was entirely the work, the gracious work of God. The only objection against the general view of the passage which we have taken is, that it is somewhat tautological. Beza, following the fathers, prefers the former reference; Calvin, with most of the modern commentators, the latter. For the Greek preposition for through, here, is the preposition of instrumentality. Justification by faith alone, is simply pardon enjoyed on the one condition of taking it. It best suits the design of the passage. "God justifies the believing man, not for the worthiness of his belief, but for the worthiness of Him in whom he believes" [Hooker]. There will indeed be display in heaven. The Holy Spirit, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Expository Notes with Practical Observations on the New Testament, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Alexander MacLaren's Expositions of Holy Scripture, Justin Edwards' Family Bible New Testament, John Eadie's Commentary on Galatians, Ephesians, Colossians and Philippians, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible - Unabridged, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. Note, the text does not say, âFor ye are saved by grace onlyâ. τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσωσμένοι διὰ τῆς πίστεως—“For by grace ye have been saved, through your faith.” The particle γάρ explains why the apostle has said that the exceeding riches of God's grace are shown forth in man's salvation, and glances back to the interjectional clause at the end of Ephesians 2:5. The object of the apostle is to show the gratuitous nature of salvation. and that to the exclusion of your own causation and operative agency, not from you, it is God’s gift; not from works, in order that no one may boast, For by grace ye have been saved, by means of faith; and that, not of you—God’s is the gift; not of works, that no one should boast. The faith in this passage is not faith only, because faith by itself has never saved anyone (John 12:42-43). Learn more Start my … Bibliotheca Sacra164:655 (July-September2007):259-76. ÐÐ»Ð°Ð³Ð¾Ð´Ð°ÑÑ ÐÐ¾Ð¶ÑÑ Ð¿ÑÐµÐ´Ð¾Ð¿ÑÐµÐ´ÐµÐ»ÑÐµÑ Ð²ÑÐµ Ð°ÑÐ¿ÐµÐºÑÑ ÑÐ¿Ð°ÑÐµÐ½Ð¸Ñ (ÑÑ. Ye are saved by grace; ye are saved by faith and not by works; and even faith is not of yourselves, it is the gift of God. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, 9 not a result of works, so that no one may boast. 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) 6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: 7 That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through … Lord, You provided for our salvation even when not one was fit to be saved, and You ask for nothing but surrender-through-faith in return. Salvation by grace must have conditions, seeing that the grace of God has appeared to all men (Titus 2:11), and yet all men are not automatically and unconditionally saved (Matthew 7:13-14). 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, Verses eight and nine show how Christians enter into a saved state (v.5). Hence faith has three aspects. of New Test. 1. The two phrases—“justification by faith” and “salvation by grace”—are popularly identified, and, indeed. Summary & Commentary. Since it is a neuter pronoun it evidently does not refer to "grace" or "faith," both of which are feminine in gender in the Greek text. 10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them. And even Salvation (as a noun) is feminine. Ephesians 2:8â9 says, "For by grace you have been saved through faith. Are, or, ‘have been,’ saved. When, (1) it is said that God justifies us through faith, then faith is the instrument with which God rescues us from sin and hell. Where man errs is to teach one to the â¦ In books and movies like Harry Potter, young peopl… Whether this passage proves it or not, it is certainly true that faith is the gift of God. Salvation comes to me through the grace of God, there is nothing that I have done to deserve it, and certainly nothing I … So long as we continued under the impending curse, there was nothing due to us but death. 8 For . Winer, § 47, b. The works that we are not saved by, these very same works we are saved for. Since it is a neuter pronoun it evidently does not refer to "grace" or "faith," both of which are feminine in gender in the Greek text. Ephesians 2:8-22 English Standard Version (ESV) 8 For by grace you have been saved through faith. Both alike God"s gifts. An examination and commentary of Ephesians 2:8-9 using the rule of Bible study makes clear what these two verses teach. Whereas to say: âYe are saved through faith (and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God), not of works,' is not repetitious; the parenthetical clause instead of being redundant does good service and greatly increases the force of the passage. This is most effectually done by saying, âYe are not only saved by faith in opposition to works, but your very faith is not of yourselves, it is the gift of God.'. Grace is the explanation of their own salvation, and how surpassingly rich the grace must be that could effect that!— : through faith. This may truly be called exceeding riches of grace, for ye are saved by grace. God was under no obligation to save man, for His law might have taken its natural course, and the penalty menaced and deserved might have been fully inflicted. For by grace have ye been saved, through faith. For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God, not of works, lest anyone should boast. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast." The instrument or mean of salvation on the part of the person saved; Christ alone is the meritorious agent. Hughes, R. Kent, Ephesians: The Mystery of the Body of Christ, 1990, Crossway Books. Ephesians 1. Read Introduction to Ephesians . θεοῦ τὸ δῶρον—“God's is the gift.” God's gift is the gift-the genitive θεοῦ being the emphatic predicate in opposition to ὑμῶν. It is not only said in general, âye are saved by grace,' but further that salvation is by faith, i.e. Then in Ephesians 2:8-10, Paul summarized God's scheme of redemption. ‘This’ might with correctness refer either to salvation or to ‘faith;’ but the mass of recent commentators accept the former view, as more grammatical, as preserving better the parallelism of the passage (‘not of your-selves;’ ‘not of works’). Ephesians 2:10… But to what does the refer? Ephesians 2:4-7 But God; Ephesians 2:8-10 Saved From, By, For What? The instrument by which we receive salvation is faith (i.e, trust in Christ). And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, not a result of works, so that no one may boast." Romans 3:22; Romans 3:25; Galatians 2:16; 1 Peter 1:5). There is no contradiction between our being saved by grace and its being through faith; just because faith towards God, though a right thing in God’s creatures towards him, and an excellent thing in itself, is not a merit that pays God for any thing, or obligates him to any donation to us. There is none of these which does not claim a share of praise in the salvation of men; so that the praise of grace would not, as Paul shews, remain undiminished. By grace have ye been saved through faith ... Not of works, that no man should glory ... through faith, and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God, τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσωσμένοι διὰ τῆς πίστεως. This is the second out of four studies on Ephesians 2:8-10 'Extraordinary Purpose' from The Bible Teaching Commentary. Matthies again joins οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων to the foregoing clause—“and that not of yourselves; the gift of God is not of works.” Such an arrangement is artificial and inexact. "We" must believe, or "we" shall be damned. Compare Romans 13:11; 1 Corinthians 6:6; Philippians 1:28; Hebrews 11:12. In the Greek language, as in many others, the gender of the pronoun has to match the gender of its antecedent. Ephesians 2:8-10 English Standard Version (ESV). It is the uniform doctrine of the New Testament, that no man is saved against his will; and his desire to be saved is proved by his belief of the Divine testimony. When (3) it is said, “Believe and thou shall be saved,” then faith is the condition upon which we are justified, regenerated, and elected to holiness here and heaven hereafter. Paul wrote to believers who were made alive by Godâs work. In Ephesians 2:5 this thought is introduced parenthetically, naturally and irresistibly suggested by the declaration of the various steps of regeneration in Christ. Ephesians 2, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work Gracious, indeed! These scriptures deserved to be studied more because people sometimes overlook them because they have heard the message plenty of times. 8.For by grace are ye saved. While man had no right to expect, God was under no necessity to provide salvation. 1. It was the capital of the *Roman region calledAsia. App-150. ], "If we breathe, it is because life has been breathed into us; if we exercise the hearing of faith it is because our ears have been unstopped. When, on the part of man, the act of receiving salvation is made to consist in faith alone, all other means, on which men are accustomed to rely, are discarded. !” [Note: in the Greek, FAITH is feminine but IT is neuter. It is his own mind that actually believes, or that exercises faith; see the notes at Romans 4:3. Ye are saved by grace; ye are saved by faith and not by works; and even faith is not of yourselves, … Verse 8 (Ephesians 2:8.) Surely the faith with which a beggar stretches forth his hand to receive the donation of thousands from a millionaire would not be a merit, a work, a compensation to the donor, neutralizing the graciousness of the gratuity. The initiation, as well as the increase of faith, is from the Spirit of God; not only by an external proposal of the Word, but by internal illumination in the soul (Pearson). '', "Here you ask a wonderful theological/exegetical question to which I can only give an opinion, and not a definitive answer. Many critics, however, as Doddridge, Beza, Piscator, and Chrysostom, maintain that the word “that” (. See note, Romans 3:24; Romans 3:27. But if we viewed things aright, we should be far more affected by the thought of a dead soul, a lost, fallen spirit. âForâ: Such kindness is proof of God"s unmerited favor. This is the second out of four studies on Ephesians 2:8-10 'Extraordinary Purpose' from The Bible Teaching Commentary. For by grace, etc. And this not of yourselves; the gift is God’s. 3. Dissen, Exc. But some of the difficulties of the first method of interpretation attach to this. The neut. 4. —Not merely converted, justified, and sanctified; but gloriously, —saved from death, the devil, and hell; saved to resurrection, Christ, God, and glory, in the full sight of the endless, —As the instrument in God’s hands; the handle by which he gets hold of us to snatch us from Satan and spring us into heaven. That is the sovereignty of God. Both concepts are correct for they are both taught in the scriptures. Study the bible online using commentary on Ephesians 2:8 and more! Jesus equally attached conditions to salvation (Mark 16:16; Luke 24:47), and so did the apostles (Acts 2:38; 1 Peter 3:21). Notice the side reference "i.e. So of faith. Some Calvinists appeal to Ephesians 2:8-9 as proof that faith is a gift from God. NIV: New International Version Here, however, the article is used with ‘grace,’ pointing to God’s grace, already defined in Ephesians 2:7. That faith is indeed empowered in us by the grace underlying our probation: but that faith freely exercised by us, and seen by God, is the underlying condition of our election in time; and foreseen by God is the underlying condition in our eternal election before the foundation of the world, as described in Ephesians 1:4; Ephesians 1:11, where see notes. God cannot believe for us. This is not the emphatic phrase, but adds the subjective means, as so often in Paul’s writings. But "it" and " faith " are of different genders. And that not of yourselves - That is, salvation does not proceed from yourselves. The words ÎºÎ±Î¹Ì ÏÎ¿Ï ÍÏÎ¿ only serve to render more prominent the matter referred to. Neither can we work to earn it (2:8-9). St. Paul now returns to it and works it out, before passing on, in Ephesians 2:11, to draw out by “wherefore” the conclusion from Ephesians 2:1-7. Thus, in Romans 5:9-10 (“having been justified,” “having been reconciled,” “we shall be saved”), salvation is spoken of as following on the completed act of justification (as the release of a prisoner on his pronounced pardon); and it is described, here and elsewhere, as a continuous process—a state continuing till the final judgment. Grace is also opposed to merit on man's part. He has told us about his choice and purpose. But then they had obtained this grace by faith. When (2) it is said “The just shall live by faith,” then faith is to us the, by which we live. In Christ, we have redemption from our sins. It is not, therefore, ceremonial, as distinguished from good works; or legal, as distinguished from evangelical or gracious works; but works of all kinds as distinguished from faith, which are excluded. !” [Note: in the Greek, FAITH is feminine but IT is neuter. Ephesians 2:10, ESV: "For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them." Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Ephesians 2:8 â Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources. The structure of that salvation requires all the power depicted in Ephesians 1:19. On one side, we must look at God; and, on the other, at man. Of yourselves - in contrast to "it is the gift of God" (Philippians 1:29). 2:16). Ephesians 1:15-23. a. Probably it refers to the whole preceding clause that describes salvation (cf. Ephesians 2:8 Context. The basis of our salvation is God"s grace (unmerited favor and divine enablement; cf. are substantially identical in meaning. According to this interpretation the antithesis between faith and works, so common in Paul's writings, is preserved. Ephesians 2:8 Reconsidered," Grace Evangelical Society News4:7 (July1989):1, 4. Granting that καὶ τοῦτο is an idiomatic expression, and that its gender is not to be strictly taken into account, still the question recurs, What is the precise reference of δῶρον? This means that grace is offered and received as a gift. Bloomfield says that “all the Calvinistic commentators hold this view,” and yet Calvin himself was an exception. Grace is the moving cause of salvation: faith only the instrument by which it is laid hold of. for it was while dead to God and alive to and with the devil, that God loved us and laid the plan of our rescue. Ephesians 2:8. : for by grace have ye been saved. NASB E-Prime Young's Compare all. οὐκ ἐξ ἔργων —“Not of works”-the explanation of οὐκ ἐξ ὑμῶν.The apostle uses διά with the article before πιστεως in the previous verse, but here ἐξ without the article before ἔργων-the former referring to the subjective instrument, … Ephesians 1:3-14. KJV: King James Version âWe shall not be able to strut round heaven like peacocks. Our, , as an act, natural and divinely empowered, is from, The structure of that salvation requires all the. Some of the oldest manuscripts read, "through your (literally, 'the') faith." Salvation by grace is not arbitrarily attached to faith by the mere sovereign dictate of the Most High, for man's willing acceptance of salvation is essential to his possession of it, and the operation of faith is just the sinner's appreciation of the Divine mercy, and his acquiescence in the goodness and wisdom of the plan of recovery, followed by a cordial appropriation of its needed and adapted blessings, or, as Augustine tersely and quaintly phrases it-Qui creavit te sine te, non salvabit te sine te. What is the context of Ephesians 2:8-9? Ephesians 2:8 New International Version << Ephesians 1 | Ephesians 2 | Ephesians 3 >> 8 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith-and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God-Related Commentaries for Ephesians 2. It is “by grace.”. Through faith—As the instrument in God’s hands; the handle by which he gets hold of us to snatch us from Satan and spring us into heaven. "that" or "this" refer? III. It is not God that "believes" for him, for that is impossible. why not write καὶ αὕτη? PREVIOUS NEXT. Ephesians 1:11-23. 5 Even when we were dead in sins, hath quickened us together with Christ, (by grace ye are saved;) 6 And hath raised us up together, and made us sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus: 7 That in the ages to come he might shew the exceeding riches of his grace in his kindness toward us through Christ Jesus. A never-dying spirit is now fled, and has left nothing but the ruins of a man. Paul prays that God will give the Ephesian Christians a spirit of wisdom and revelation. The analogy of Scripture is in favor of this view of the passage, in so far that elsewhere faith is represented as the gift of God. Ephesians 2:8 For by grace you have been saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God ( NASB: Lockman) Greek: te gar ch ariti este ( 2PPAI) sesosmenoi ( RPPMPN) dia pisteos; kai touto ouk ex humon theou to doron; Amplified: For it is by free grace (God’s unmerited … People sometimes overlook them because they have heard the message of the process of redemption, 2015 | Ephesians 8... Grace ye are now in a saved man nearest preceding noun, and stay,. Christians quite awhile, for people that have been saved through faith. of this divine organic process now stated. Of believing, or, perhaps, “ God ’ s writings, God was under no necessity to salvation. Χάριτί ἐστε σεσωσμένοι: for by grace onlyâ can we work to earn it ( )... Received as a noun ) is feminine but it is the preposition of instrumentality ) baptism! Ourselves, and merits, and has left nothing but the ruins of a dead... Or mean of salvation on the letter to the Ephesians in EasyEnglish ye... 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