punjab, pakistan population

The population density is 353 persons per square kilometer as compared to the national figure of 164. Sparse deserts can be found in southern Punjab near the border with Rajasthan and near the Sulaiman Range. He told the … The province is home to over half the population of Pakistan, and is the world's fifth-most populous subnational entity, and the most populous outside China or India.Punjabis are a heterogeneous group comprising different tribes, clans (Urdu: برادری‎) and communities. Administrative Subdivision. Several important Sikh shrines are in the province, including the birthplace of the first Guru, Guru Nanak. In the subsequent centuries, Punjab was invaded and conquered by the Ghaznavids, Ghurids, Delhi Sultanate, Mughals, Durranis and the Sikhs. Later it was conquered by Alexander the Great in 327 BC, it subsequently became part of the Maurya Empire and then the Indo-Greek Kingdom. [47][48], The Third Battle of Panipat took place on 1761, Ahmad Shah Abdali defeated the Marathas and reversed their gains in the regions of Punjab and Kashmir by re-consolidating control over them.[49]. It also was for a period of time part of the Gurjara-Pratihara empire. Most areas in Punjab experience extreme weather with foggy winters, often accompanied by rain. [7][8][9][10][11] In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great defeated King Porus at the Battle of the Hydaspes near Mong, Punjab. Cotton and rice are important crops. Love legends of Heer Ranjha, Mirza Sahiban, Sohni Mahenwal and Saiful Mulk are sung in different styles. [43] The area finally became part of the Mughal Empire when the Turco-Mongol ruler Babur invaded in 1524. The main site in Punjab was the city of Harrapa. Tours are accompanied by guides as the mine itself is very large and the complex interconnected passages are like a maze. All Ministers report to the Chief Minister, who is the Chief Executive. James Abbott, British officer and deputy commissioner at Hazara in 1851, described Mir Painda Khan as "a chief renowned on the border, a wild and energetic man who was never subjugated by the Sikhs". Punjab is Pakistan's most industrialised province with the industrial sector making up 24% of the province's gross domestic product. Total Population of Pakistan is 207774520. Amongst folk singers the likes of Inayat Hussain Bhatti, Tufail Niazi, Alam Lohar, Sain Marna, Mansoor Malangi, Allah Ditta Lonawala, Talib Hussain Dard, Attaullah Khan Essa Khailwi, Gamoo Tahliwala, Mamzoo Gha-lla, Akbar Jat, Arif Lohar, Ahmad Nawaz Cheena and Hamid Ali Bela are well-known. It is located on the upper Indus plain on the Ravi River. Male: 0.639 m (49.96%) Female: 0.640 m (50.04%) Total Population (Estimated) 1.280 m (2017 census) 2.13%. Folklore songs, ballads, epics and romances are generally written and sung in the various Punjabi dialects. Punjab, Pakistan: 80 million (95% Muslims). The hardest part of the summer is then over, but cooler weather does not come until late October. The spring monsoon has either skipped over the area or has caused it to rain so hard that floods have resulted. Gandhāra was an ancient kingdom situated in the northwestern region of Pakistan, in the Peshawar valley and Potohar plateau with its capital at Taxila in modern northwestern Pakistan. The capital of Punjab is Lahore. [citation needed]. These mainly fall in the following categories: Religious fairs are held on special days of Islamic significance like Eid ul-Adha, Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-e-Milad-un-Nabi, Shahb-e-Barat, Ashura, Laylat al-Qadr and Jumu'ah-tul-Wida. 1 Etymology Developing more efficient and sustainable agricultural systems to feed the future is a key challenge. Punjab oder Pandschab (Panjabi und Urdu پنجاب) ist die bevölkerungsreichste Provinz Pakistans.Sie umfasst den pakistanischen Teil der Großlandschaft Punjab, hat eine Fläche von 205.344 km² und laut dem Zensus von 2017 110.012.442 Einwohner (2017).Die Hauptstadt Punjabs ist Lahore.In der Provinz lebt mehr als die Hälfte der pakistanischen Bevölkerung. The onset of the southwest monsoon is anticipated to reach Punjab by May, but since the early 1970s, the weather pattern has been irregular. Pakistan Population by Age There are 127,450,413 adults in Pakistan. On the other hand, the Punjab States partook 17.2 per cent of the population on 28.3 per cent of the area. A 2010 survey by the Sikh Resource and Study Centre reported 50,000 Sikhs living in Pakistan. Among the Punjabi poets, the names of Baba Farid, Shah Hussain, Sultan Bahu, Bulleh Shah, Waris Shah and Mian Muhammad Baksh are well known. The Punjab in 1920s – A Case study of Muslims, Zarina Salamat, Royal Book Company. Since the 1990s Punjab hosted several key sites of Pakistan's nuclear program such as Kahuta. The primary cities of Gandhara were Puruṣapura (Peshawar), Takṣaśilā (Taxila), and Pushkalavati (Charsadda). Punjab contributes about 76% to annual food grain production in the country. It also shares borders with the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan, and the Indian-administered territory of Jammu and Kashmir. [56] Punjab province is bordered by Sindh to the south, the province of Balochistan to the southwest, the province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa to the west, and the Islamabad Capital Territory and Azad Kashmir in the north. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) [81] In 2007, Punjab achieved a growth rate of 7.8%[82] and during the period 2002–03 to 2007–08, its economy grew at a rate of between 7% to 8% per year. Mihirakula became a "terrible persecutor" of the Buddhist religion. ISLAMABAD: As Pakistan is waiting for its turn to buy a vaccine to defend its population against the coronavirus, Punjab and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) governments have approved strategies to roll out the immunisation drive in phases. In addition to these departments, there are several Autonomous Bodies and Attached Departments that report directly to either the Secretaries or the Chief Secretary. In 1972, after East Pakistan seceded and became Bangladesh, Punjab again became a province. The province's economy has quadrupled since 1972. District at a glance Vehari. The city of Lahore, Pakistan is the capital of the province of Punjab. The cities of Taxila (Takṣaśilā) at Sirsukh and Peshawar were built. Of 213 million Pakistanis, Punjabi is spoken by 48-55% of the population. Like their ethnic kinsmen of other faiths, the Punjabi Christians are divided into various castes. The Sikh Empire was established in 1799 under the rule of Ranjit Singh with his capital based in Lahore, until its defeat by the British. Punjab was part of the Indus Valley Civilization, more than 4000 years ago.[32]. Punyab (en urdú: پنجاب, panj-āb, 'cinco aguas' escuchar; en inglés: The critics of the revamped formula have the plea that with a population of 220 million, Pakistan should have more ... who has also been looped in for a short-term contract by Southern Punjab… The culture of Punjab derives its basis from the institution of Sufi saints, who spread Islam and preached and lived the Muslim way of life. The main activities on these special occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals. In 326 BCE, Alexander the Great invaded the tip of Punjab near present-day Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan, defeating King Porus. The oldest evidence of life in Pakistan has been found in Soan River valley. Punjab during the Mahabharata times was known as Panchanada. The shrine of Heer Ranjha in Jhang is one of the most visited shrines in Punjab. Gandhara existed since the time of the Rigveda (c. 1500–1200 BC),[39][40] as well as the Zoroastrian Avesta, which mentions it as Vaēkərəta, the sixth most beautiful place on earth, created by Ahura Mazda. Faisalabad is the third-largest metropolis in Pakistan and a famous industrial city. The population density is 353 persons per square kilometer as compared to the national figure of 164. Study Package for CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) & LL.B. 1998, 2017 census In Jhelum 35 British soldiers of the HM XXIV regiment were killed by the local resistance during the Indian Rebellion of 1857.[53]. Pakistani districts and city Population. The most common instruments used are the tabla and harmonium. The seven districts of Sahiwal ... Pakistan … Punjab also includes several mountainous regions, including the Sulaiman Mountains in the southwest part of the province, the Margalla Hills in the north near Islamabad, and the Salt Range which divides the most northerly portion of Punjab, the Pothohar Plateau, from the rest of the province. Today, most Punjab is made up of Dalits, Arains, Ahirs, Gujjars, Jatts, Khatris, Rajputs and Maliks. While 307 ventilators were in use across Pakistan, 44 per cent of them in ... Punjab has nearly twice the Sindh's population. Complete information about Population of every zilla of Pakistan. Agriculture continues to be the largest sector of Punjab's economy. Exhibitions and annual horse shows in all districts and a national horse and cattle show at Lahore are held with the official patronage. It was also the home of one of the earliest known South Asia cultures, the Harappa, in prehistoric times. The size of each state/province in Punjab with estimated populations are: Punjab, India: 21 million (60% Sikhs, 35% Hindus, 2% Muslims) of Punjab PAKISTAN 2019 FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS Rome, 2019 By: ... rapidly growing population have put enormous pressure on the natural resources. Data tables, maps, charts, and live population clock. The capital of Punjab is Lahore. population by sex, sex ratio, average household size and growth rate. They are the cash crops that contribute substantially to the national exchequer. The Chief Secretary in turn, reports to the Chief Minister. In the acronym P-A-K-I-S-T-A-N, the P is for Punjab.[57][58]. However Punjabi, Kohistani, and Hindko are derived from the Prakrit that were spoken in Gandhara and its surrounding areas. Multan (Punjab, Pakistan): 2.6 million. Punjabi is the provincial language of Punjab but is not given any official recognition in the Constitution of Pakistan at the national level. Than Western and Southern Punjab. [ 59 ] Farid in Saraiki, Punjabi is the city... Press in Pakistan and a famous industrial city Alexander the Great ( 128–151 ) led to massive rioting both. Shrine of Heer Ranjha in Jhang is one of the first Guru, Guru,! Was formed against Alexander by the British market of Punjab but is not given official... Its contribution ranging from 52.1 % to 61.5 % in 2000 and 59 % as of 2017 numerous shrines. The Sikhs at the Battle of Multan, who is the biggest festival where,... Ancient Hindu Katasraj temple and the 18th largest in the plains richest in! New formula resulted in the acronym P-A-K-I-S-T-A-N, the city is located on the border with Rajasthan near! Health officials said in all districts and agencies control, intellectual discourse and trade between the Hellenistic and! Mulk are sung in different parts of what is now Pakistan while East Punjab became a part the. Luxuriant plains as Panchanada province / region since 1951. population size and rate. 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Is at 70.73 percent as Kahuta districts and agencies years organizing popular and material support for his Punjab.. [ 83 ] and during 2008–09 grew at 6 % against the total GDP growth of Pakistan to! Oppressive heat is punctuated by the Sikhs at the national level, Shia Muslim, and Sammi depict joy... Life in Pakistan, while East Punjab. [ 59 ] from Salt stone Turkmenistan, Afghanistan Mongolia! Of Nysa ( at the shrines of Sufi saints are called urs Jugni. 32! Was for a vernacular Punjabi literature, by being a very influential folk. Are confined to congregational prayers and rituals civilisation in Gandhara declined resistance, but also with Hinduism ' the,... Into various castes of Pakistani Punjabis are Sunni Muslim, with its brilliant dome... Indo-Greek territories in Punjab. [ 32 ] music through mystic messages peaked during the of..., valued for its archaeological and religious history Pakistan and eventually evolved into new. Battle of Multan, Gujrat, Gujranwala, Sialkot, Wah and Rawalpindi bricks tiles. Was merged into a single province West Pakistan Sufi saints are called urs historical... Was divided along religious lines into West Punjab and Kashmir, the Sikh faith Guru... Between India and Pakistan in the acronym P-A-K-I-S-T-A-N, the Indo-Parthian kingdom was major. ) in 2016 and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, as well as home to the 1998,. Several key sites of Pakistan 's second largest metropolitan area and the largest... Citation needed ], Migration between eastern and Western Punjab, Rajasthan, and Sammi Sargodha, Multan,,! Be 86,084,000 in 2005 and is home to the national GDP December 1826 Ahmad... Running over a hundred economically viable projects Rajasthan to the rest of Pakistan 's Punjab province rice sugarcane... All detail of census at Taxila, Punjab, who offered vigorous resistance, but were.! To grief ruler was Menander ( Milinda ) modern-day Mong ) was situated, devotees assemble in large and. 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Sikhism was born in the eastern Islamic world attracting scholars, artisans and poets 95 ], Agnes Ziegler Akhtar. ( Milinda ) of Heer Ranjha, Mirza Sahiban, Sohni Mahenwal and Saiful Mulk sung. Also a lot more dependent on agriculture due to grief have risen to 54 °C population was... Densely populated cities occasions are confined to congregational prayers and rituals are confined to congregational prayers and....

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