Acta Horticulturae, 575:245-251, Normand F, Habib R, 2001. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1999. Strawberry guava, also known as Psidium cattleianum, is recognized as one of the most invasive species in Hawaii due to its ability to form dense thickets and expand at a fast pace.Strawberry guava has been spreading rapidly throughout the island, invading thousands of acres of native forests, and destroying the natural habitats of plants and animals, including Hawaii’s native species. The complete guide to growing fruit in Australia, edition 4. Biological Control, 22(1):38-45; 27 ref, Royal Botanic Garden Sydney, 2007. IABIN, 2015. 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Species Reviewed: Schiedea stellarioides (no common name). In: 5-Year Review, Short Form Summary: Viola helenae (no common name) : US Fish and Wildlife Service.6 pp. 2010e, US Fish and Wildlife Service, http://plants.usda.gov, Vargas RI, Harris EJ, Nishida T, 1983. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science, 94:83-86, Hirano RT, Nakasone HY, 1969. Leaves contain compounds active against antibiotic-resistant strains of Gram-positive bacteria which are important human pathogens (Cochrane, 1999). World Checklist of Myrtaceae., Richmond, UK: Royal Botanic Gardens. It was introduced into Singapore in 1877. In full sunlight, it is a slow growing evergreen shrub, 2–4 m tall and often branching from the base with an overall round shape. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 1995. Natural regeneration in a quaternary coastal plain in Southern Brazil Atlantic rain forest. High fruit production of P. cattleianum exposed to the sun. The fragrant flowers are axillary and solitary, rarely grouped in 2 or 3. In: Plant Protection Research Institute Handbook No. Goyave la suave. Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura (Jaboticabal), 22(2): 223-225, Singh UR, Pandey IC, Upadhyay NP, Tripathi BM, 1976. P. cattleianum is considered the most serious invader in Hawaii's rainforests (Smith, 1985), in Réunion island (MacDonald et al., 1991) and in Mauritius (Lorence and Sussman, 1988). After controversy following the first published name of the species (Fosberg, 1941), Psidium cattleianum, often misspelled “cattleyanum”, is retained as the valid scientific name (Schroeder, 1946). This partial self-compatibility affects the probability of the flower to set fruit and the number of seeds per fruit. Little vegetative or reproductive activity occurs in winter. Miami, USA: JF Morton, Motooka P, Castro L, Nelson D, Nagai G, Ching L, 2003. Leaves are opposite and decussate, shortly petiolate (petiole 3–10 mm long), elliptic to obovate, 4.5–12 cm long and 2–6 cm wide, with a blunt to slightly acuminate apex and a cuneiform sharp base. Present: Hawaii, Florida and Puerto Rico For a state and county distribution map provided by the USDA PLANTS database click here Moreover, it utilizes resources (carbohydrates, nitrogen) more efficiently than do native species, with, for example, a lower cost of leaf construction (Baruch and Goldstein, 1999). Hawaii, USA: University of Hawaii, 96, National Tropical Botanical Garden, 2007. http://ntbg.org, National Weeds Strategy, 2000. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. MacDonald I A W, Thebaud L, Strahm W A, Strasberg D, 1991. 2008c, Phyllostegia kaalaensis (Kaala phyllostegia), Phyllostegia knudsenii (Waimea phyllostegia), US Fish and Wildlife Service, 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Effect of rootstocks on growth, yield and quality in guava (Psidium guajava). Post-harvest changes in guava fruit of different maturity. Habitats include sub-montane rainforest, montane cloud forest, montane rainforest, moist tropical montane forest, riparian forest, tropical evergreen forest, deciduous woodland (oak), tropical montane savanna, lowland sub-tropical rainforest, scrubland, grassland, degraded forest, cultivation and agroforestry systems. Natural regeneration in a Quaternary coastal plain in Southern Brazilian Atlantic rain forest. Young leaves and twigs are red in colour. P. cattleianum is naturalized in many tropical and subtropical countries after introduction as an ornamental or a fruit tree. USDA-NRCS, 2007. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009. (1987) reported that P. cattleianum and Paspalum conjugatum have nearly eliminated reproduction of Antidesma platyphyllum and seven other rare flowering species in the lower elevation rainforest of Haleakala National Park. Leaf construction cost, nutrient concentration, and net CO assimilation of native and invasive species in Hawaii. It can become invasive in areas disturbed such as roadsides, wastelands, pastures, scrubs, forested land (Jacobi and Warshauer, 1992; Harrington and Ewel, 1997; Woodcock et al., 1999) and on areas disturbed by natural processes such as storms and lava flows (Strasberg, 1995). Cite this tree: However, these estimated impacts should not be interpreted as the expected industry loss from any future phase-out of such species, because if a certain plant is not available for purchase, consumers will probably buy alternative species thus reducing the effects of any phase-out (Wirth et al., 2004). Catalogue of the pests of agricultural importance in New Caledonia. 2:130pp. 5-Year Review: Summary and Evaluation. Project for biocontrol of strawberry guava - Psidium cattleianum Sabine 1820. The two botanical varieties are considered self-compatible (Hirano and Nakasone, 1969b; Teaotia et al., 1970; Raseira and Raseira, 1996), although Chezhiyan (1988) found P. cattleianum var. PhD Thesis, University of Hawaii, Honolulu, USA, Diong CH, 1998. No biological control agents have been released to date. native to Central America cannot be confused with P. cattleianum as the former is a medium-sized tree (6-10 m) with tetragonal pubescent twigs and the latter is a large tree (12-15 m). US Fish and Wildlife Service, 2008. Psidium L. (Myrtaceae) in Ceylon. In: Composition of foods. Asynchrony between trees may be related to genetic or environmental factors (Normand and Habib, 2002; Normand et al., 2002). Cytogenetic studies of Psidium cattleianum Sabine. Guava seeds have a hard outer layer, so you need to soak the seeds in water for 10 to 15 days before planting in a good quality seed mix in a small pot. longipes, P. coriaceum var. Abdou MHA, 2003. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 7:187-190. Response of Psidium littorale var. Normand, F. and Michels, T. (2007). 'Ya-cy', cultivar de araçazeiro lançada pela EMBRAPA/CPACT. Myrtaceae in Lista de Espécies da Flora do Brasil (Myrtaceae in the list of species of the flora of Brazil). In: Remya mauiensis (Maui remya). The aggressiveness of P. cattleianum in outcompeting native flora is partly related to a high relative growth rate which may be a consequence of a large physiological plasticity. In its native range, P. cattleianum is a plant of forest edges, glades and rangelands in mesothermic humid areas with annual rainfall of at least 1000 mm, without a pronounced dry season and with possible frost at higher altitudes. Proceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington, 102(1):129-134; 11 ref, PIER, 2007. A tree’s growth rate reflects the maximum growth it experiences each year. In pastures, it is not browsed by cattle.Mechanical control Estudio en plantacion de Feijoa sellowiana, Psidium guayaba y Psidium cattleianum. Exotic species invasion into Mauritius wet forest remnants. Solanum sandwicense (Popolo 'aiakeakua). 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